An Egyptian woman was thought to be at the peak of her power when her sons had married because she automatically acquired the control over the newly growing families of her sons.
Lower-class men frequently preferred marriage to women who had been secluded rather than to those who had worked or attended secondary school.
The rule of Gamal Abdul Nasser was characterized by his policy of stridently advocating women's rights through welfare-state policies, labeled as state feminism.
Women who had only bore females were given derogatory names, such as "mothers of brides".
A family with well-grown sons was considered to have decent security.
Women were guaranteed the right to vote and equality of opportunity was explicitly stated in the 1956 Egyptian constitution, forbidding gender-based discrimination.
Labor laws were changed to ensure women's standing in the work force and maternity leave was legally protected.
Cleopatra and Nefertiti were among the better known rulers in Egyptian society.
Cleopatra was known to have ruled with Marc Antony around 31 BC and she was also the Coregent of her two husband-brothers and her son.
Despite this equality, women were expected to avoid contact with men who were not kin and to veil themselves in public.